Types of poultry farming equipment and their uses

Posted on 2 months ago

Poultry farming is a very profitable business. In order to succeed in your poultry farming business, there are certain poultry equipment that are necessary.If you've decided to start a small farm business raising chickens , you're probably wondering where to begin. You need to first understand the kind of equipment that you will need in your business.This in order to ensure that your farm is running efficiently and smoothly. Check out these list of poultry equipment and there uses and you'll be off and running. 1.Poultry Watering Systems a)Basin and Jar Type This type of waterier is circular in nature,its characterized by two sections i.e. jar for filling water and basin for delivering water.Clean drinking water is a critical factor in poultry production. Your poultry must always have access to clean drinking water at all times. b)Automatic bell drinker Type They are normally called bell drinkers due to their bell shape. They ensure a continuous flow of water for the birds throughout the day. They are fitted with simple clamp mechanism and valve (spring-mounted) that controls the height and rate of flow water. These drinkers are brightly colored red to attract layers. No. of bell-drinkers=1.3*(circumference÷ Drinker space) c)Manual Bell drinker Type This type of waterier is normally used for baby chicks and chickens that are reared using the free-range method. This is because of ease of application of antibiotics during chick vaccination.They can also be used for both floor rearing and cage rearing.These equipment should be placed at an interval of 0.7m to avoid congestion. d)Chicken Nipple Drinker Type Normally used both in deep-litter and in cage system. In deep-litter system, it is connected to pipes that cut across the coop and attached to cups that prevent water drops from wetting the litter material.In cage system, it is fitted along the cage compartments and is commonly used in laying cages.One nipple drinker serves four chicken in each cage compartment. 2.Poultry Feeding Systems a)Linear Trough Feeder Type Linear Chick Feeder is ideal for those starting off with poultry rearing.The Linear feeder has an efficient snap closure that is easy to lock preventing accidental spillage.The downside to poultry troughs is that chickens can stand in them. Meaning you hens are likely to waste feed by scratching, and flicking food, over the feeder sides.The top of the feeder should therefore incorporate an anti-perch bar that will prevent chicks fouling the feed. b)Circular Trough Feeder Type Round Galvanized Feeder Pan for Chick Feeding. For food or water. Particularly useful for small chicks or ducklings.Please note: There is always a danger of very young chicks drowning in open pans of water so keep the water shallow or add pebbles to prevent drowning. c)Automatic Cage Feeder Type Proper distribution of feed is a very important role player in your poultry business as they determine and affect on the health and production of eggs and chickens directly. Almost a decade ago, feeding and watering of chickens was totally based on manual functions. But as technology has been growing, you can easily find an Automatic solution to the feeding problem for chicken breeds that can both save your time and money. 3.Poultry Heaters/Brooder Systems a)Infrared bulb/ Ceramic Bulb Type With infrared brooders there is no fuel to carry, no ashes to remove, no burners to clean. Brooders are light in weight, and are easy to set up, move, and store.The price of ready made infrared brooders ranges from KS 1000 to KS 1800, depending on the number of lamps, type of brooder, and whether they have thermostats. You can build an infrared brooder from plans available from the internet. b)Gas Brooder Type This includes a perforated pan-covered burner at the base of the structure which the warms the pan transferring the heat to the environment conventionally.Brooders are kept within 32-34 degrees from the first day the chicks are introduced. The temperature is reduced slowly the fourth week, when the chicks have enough feathers to help them regulate temperatures without external help.Farmers should have a thermometer to determine the temperature of the brooder. c)Charcoal stove / Kerosene stove Type These are common in places where there is no electricity penetration or where power surge is quite common. These stoves use kerosene or charcoal as main source of heat.They are covered with plates or pans to insulate the heat in the brooding area.For most farmers,this is the cheapest alternative.

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